People of all ages and from all walks of life suffer from common oral problems. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), most oral disease cases occur among poor and vulnerable populations, bolstering the notion that they can’t take care of their oral health due to a lack of financial resources. Our teeth are something to be proud of. 

They, like every other portion of our bodies, are not easily replaceable. If they are not taken care of, the tension they receive from chewing, biting, and grinding will cause them to wear and tear. Thus, brushing three times a day or after each meal is required to care for them. It entails flossing regularly. It includes going to the dentist regularly and avoiding foods that can hurt your teeth.

Do not, however, become complacent simply because you have an oral hygiene practice that you follow religiously. Even those with a stellar record of keeping their teeth strong and healthy can experience minor dental issues. So, we, as dentists in Bundoora, urge everyone to take responsibility for their oral hygiene and health. By understanding common dental disorders, their causes, and how to avoid them, you will have better oral health. Here are some of the most common oral problems:

Tooth Decay

Cavities are tiny holes in the surface of your tooth that are due to persistent damage. It is one of the most frequent dental problems, and it can even affect children. Plaque from high-sugar or high-starch foods accumulating on the surface of the teeth causes them. Bacteria in your mouth feed on sugar and carbohydrates, causing the protective coating (enamel) in your teeth to erode with time. It causes dental decay, which will almost certainly necessitate fillings. Cavities and dental decay are formed by the food that we eat. However, bacteria living in your mouth may also play a role.

What are the symptoms of tooth decay?

  • Pain when biting
  • Sensitivity 
  • Tooth stains
  • Toothache
  • Pain triggered by consuming something cold or sweet
  • Visible holes on the surface of your teeth

Gingivitis

One of the most frequent oral illnesses in adults is gum disease. It begins with gingivitis and progresses through three stages. Gingivitis is a reversible gum condition that, if not treated, can develop to periodontal disease, a more life-threatening illness. Treatment for periodontal disease should begin as soon as feasible. Otherwise, stage three gum disease, commonly known as severe periodontal disease, would develop, causing teeth to loosen.

What are the symptoms of gingivitis?

  • Bleeding gums
  • Bad breath
  • Loose teeth
  • Development of pus
  • Swollen gums

Bad breath

Bad breath is the most embarrassing thing you can have. Unfortunately, foul breath, commonly known as halitosis, is a prevalent oral issue that affects people of all ages. However, as regular as this may seem, it is frequently an indication of additional dental problems.

Some spices leave an odor on your breath as well. For example, you’ve been eating a lot of garlic-heavy dishes. The pungent garlic odor will eventually adhere to the inside surfaces of your mouth and will not be easy to eliminate with just one or two brushes. 

Brushing after each meal helps to control bad breath as well as other oral issues. If you can’t brush immediately away, bring a little bottle of mouthwash with you. After eating, at the very least, gargle with fresh water. If the odor persists, seek your dentist to rule out any other serious oral diseases.

Dry mouth

Saliva glands can’t produce enough saliva to keep the inside of the mouth wet when you have xerostomia or dry mouth. Saliva contains antibacterial factors which help keep plaque away from the surface of the teeth. It can be due to several factors, including smoking, prescription medicine, aging, or stress. 

People under medication or undergoing chemotherapy are at a higher risk of developing dry mouth. When there isn’t enough moisture in the mouth, plaque builds up, cavities form, and tooth decay develops.

What are the symptoms of dry mouth?

  • Chapped lips
  • Mouth sores
  • Bad breath
  • Gum irritation
  • Burning feeling in the mouth

Though there is no cure for dry mouth. We can increase our water intake to help keep the mouth hydrated.

Oral cancer

Oral cancer is the most lethal dental problem a person can face. Because oral cancer has no pain or primary symptoms, it has a greater mortality rate than other cancers. A little pinkish growth in the mouth is the first sign. That is why a trip to the dentist will be beneficial. 

Dentists know what to look for during routine examinations and might recommend additional testing if necessary. Smoking and drinking are two of the most common causes of oral cancer. Moderate to heavy smokers and drinkers should have frequent dental examinations and cleanings to reduce their risk of developing oral cancer.

We can avoid dental problems if we take responsibility for your oral health. If you go to the gym for hours every day to stay in shape, you should put the same effort into your oral hygiene. Maintaining your dental health by avoiding foods that contribute to plaque accumulation is also a step toward preserving your health. 

Also, if you detect any changes in your dental health, it’s always a good idea to see your dentist right away for early prevention. We should not overlook our oral sores, toothaches, or even foul breath. Prevention is better than cure.